The Sixth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD VI) was held at the Kenyatta International Convention Centre (KICC) from August, 27th-28, 2016. It was of great significance being the first time for TICAD to be held on the African Soil – thus enhancing the principles of African ownership and international partnership that underpins the TICAD Process
The Summit was a huge success, bringing together 32 Heads of State and Government from Africa, the Prime Minister of Japan, co-organisers and over 18,000 accredited participants. It also attracted over 300 top business executives, over 1700 business representatives from Japan (out of a total of 4000 registered participants) and more than 2000 participants from Africa. About 74 side events were also held pre and during TICAD VI all aligned to the main theme.
Hosting this unique gathering for Kenya was a major stamp of international approval, and a manifestation of Kenya’s leadership in Africa’s transformation Agenda.The theme of TICAD VI was ‘Advancing Africa’s sustainable Development agenda: TICAD Partnership for Shared Prosperity.
Other Sub-themes included
Theme I: Promoting Structural Economic Transformation through Economic Diversification
Theme II: Promoting Resilient Health Systems for Quality of life
Theme III: Promoting Social Stability for Shared Prosperity
The above areas are consistent with African development priorities as espoused in Agenda 2063 and the global focus on sustainable development.
The main outcomes of the Summit were
- The Nairobi Declaration in which participants committed to addressing the priorities set out in the thematic discussions
- The Nairobi Implementation Plan that provides the strategies and way forward to TICAD in the next 3 years,
- The TICAD VI Business Declaration that seeks to entrench the role of the private sector in the TICAD Process
- “A call to Action” arising from the Spouses Programme which revolved round resilient health systems, environment and social prosperity.
The following were identified as the main benefits accruing from the TICAD VI Summit;
- For a period of three years from 2016 to 2016, Japan will invest for the future of Africa through implementing measures centering on developing quality infrastructure, building resilient health systems and laying the foundations for peace and stability, amounting to approximately USD 30 billion under public-private partnership. These measures align with the priority areas in the Nairobi Declaration and include human resource development to 10 million people (“Empowerment”) by making use of the strength of Japan (“Quality”).
- With regard to “Economic Diversification and Industrialization,” one of the priority areas in the Nairobi Declaration of TICAD VI, it is envisaged that quality infrastructure will be developed as the foundation of the economy and promote the private sector’s activities as the core of economic activities.
- Promote Private Sector Activity through such means as Human Resource Development and Productivity Improvement through provision of training to 30 thousand people – hence building on the already ongoing ABE Initiative.t
- Improve the Business Environment with Contribution by Private Sector, in this regard, the “Japan Africa Public-Private Economic Forum” will be launched to promote dialogue between public and private sectors.
A total of 73 MoUs worth Kshs. 3 trillion to boost trade and investment between African countries and Japan were signed. The MoUs cover infrastructure, education, health, agriculture, ICT and mining among others.
- Japan promised to support Africa’s position to have an expanded UN Security Council that would include representation from the continent.
- The Summit had the all important focus on Africa’s transformative Agenda 2063 that is being collectively spearheaded under the umbrella of the African Union.
- Japan pledged to work with Africa towards combating insecurity and terrorism. African leaders and Japan committed themselves to tame the rising threat of extremism and piracy on the seas.
- The Japanese pledged to provide $500 million for vocational training for 50,000 youth in Africa to discourage them from joining terrorist groups like Al-Shabaab.
With reference to Kenya;
- The Country secured a pledge of Kshs. 27.3 billion from Japan to construct an industrial park and free trade area (Special Economic Zone) at Dongo Kundu, Mombasa. The first phase of the Special Economic Zone is scheduled to be ready by 2019. The agreement involves the development of infrastructure, including Berth 1 at the Port of Mombasa, access roads and transmission line, water supply pipeline from the mainland and sub-station drainage, power supply and a free trade zone.
- Four international companies donated a Kshs. 7.6 million mobile laboratory to the First Lady’s Beyond Zero Campaign.
- Kenya and Japan signed the Agreement on Promotion and Protection of Investment (APPI) that is expected to spur Japanese investments in Kenya.
- Kenya’s private sector also took advantage of the TICAD VI conference to showcase their companies at the exhibitions, business fora and symposia as well as in many side events that were held before and during the TICAD VI conference.
The TICAD VI Secretariat subsequently organized a retreat through the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Devolution and Planning - the ministries that spearheaded the planning and execution of the TICAD VI Conference - the Retreat was necessitated by the need to review and assess the logistical and organizational arrangements, take stock of the substantive outcomes of the Conference and the way forward. The Retreat produced two Reports, the first on the Organization of TICAD VI and the second on the Substantive Outcome of TICAD VI.
TICAD VI SECRETARIAT