Japan launched the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) in 1993 in order to refocus international attention on the importance and urgency of African development issues as well as to promote high-level policy dialogue between African leaders and development partners.
TICAD is a Summit meeting on African development co-organized by: the Government of Japan, the United Nations Office of the Special Advisor on Africa (UN-OSAA), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), African Union Commission (AUC) and the World Bank. Stakeholders include all African countries and development partners. The main objectives of TICAD are:1)to promote high-level policy dialogue between African leaders and their partners; and 2) to mobilize support for African-owned development initiatives.
The main objectives of TICAD are:1)to promote high-level policy dialogue between African leaders and their partners; and 2) to mobilize support for African-owned development initiatives.
Since its inception, TICAD has provided fundamental and comprehensive policy guidelines on African development. TICAD has evolved into a major global framework to facilitate the implementation of initiatives for promoting African development under the dual principle of African “ownership” and international “partnership”. A central feature of this framework is the cooperation between Asia and Africa in promoting Africa's development.
The first Tokyo Conference held in 1993 ushered in a continuing process of support for Africa and consensus-building around African development priorities. Japan has co-hosted five rounds of conferences, that is, TICAD I (1993); TICAD II (1998); TICAD III (2003); TICAD IV (2008); TICAD V (2013).
Over the years, TICAD's quality has evolved in both complexity and value. Emphasis has shifted from TICAD-I's relatively simple issues of direct aid to more multi-faceted and inter-related themes which combine growth and sustainable development.
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